Diabetes is a class of metabolic disorders connected with high blood sugar levels, resulting in serious problems with food digestion and turning into the energy for the body. People suffering from this disease have abnormalities in insulin production, its functioning, or both.
Forms of Diabetes
There are the following types of diabetes mellitus:
Type 1. In this case, little or no insulin is produced by the pancreas. This disorder can develop at any age, though more frequently it is diagnosed at the age of 7 – 12 years.
Type 2. It is the most widespread type of the pathology affecting almost 90% of all patients with this diagnosis. It develops when the pancreas produces insulin, but not enough for the needs of the organism.
Gestational Diabetes. This form of the illness is uncommon in nature and develops only across pregnancy or after it. Later, the disease can transform into Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes.
The specialists of the First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine help patients with all forms of this disorder. We have a solid experience in treatment of diabetes mellitus with people of all ages. The unique combination of up-to-date therapeutic approaches and the techniques of Traditional Chinese Medicine lets us easily diagnose and successfully cure even severe and neglected cases.
Causes of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes can be frequently developed due to the following factors:
- Viral and bacterial infections.
- Influence of chemical toxins.
- Autoimmune reactions to unidentified components of food.
- Genetic predisposition, etc.
The causes of diabetes type 2 are as follows:
- Sedentary lifestyle.
- Elderly age.
- Unhealthy diet, etc.
Symptoms of diabetes
The most common signs of the abovementioned disorders are:
- Higher level of blood sugar and high amounts of glucose in the urine, which can be revealed in clinical blood analysis and common urine analysis.
- Dehydration of the organism, resulting in increased thirst.
- Weight loss, despite the fact that the person has an extremely high appetite.
- Fatigue, nausea, and vomiting, frequently developing in cases of untreated diabetes.
- Frequent infections and general decrease in immunity.
- In the most neglected cases – blurred vision, lethargy, and coma.
Diagnosis of diabetes
If you suspect that you suffer from diabetes mellitus, do your best to visit the specialist as soon as possible. The doctor will conduct a number of laboratory tests and find out whether your fears are well-founded. Remember that early diagnostics and proper treatment are the most important steps to prevent diabetes-related complications.
In order to diagnose diabetes mellitus the endocrinologists of our hospital conduct the following tests:
- Fasting blood glucose test, which reveals the levels of blood glucose after the patient has not eaten for several hours.
- Random blood glucose test, which is conducted regardless of the person’s meals.
- HbA1c testing, revealing the person’s average levels of blood sugar over a period of time.
- Urine tests, used as additional method in diagnosis of diabetes Types 1 and 2.
Treatment of diabetes
In order to help the patient with diabetes mellitus the doctors of the First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine work out a personal therapeutic regimen. Traditionally, it includes proper medication, balanced diet, exercises, and healthy lifestyle in general. The key aim of our specialists helping the patients with Types 1 and 2 diabetes is to keep normal level of blood glucose and prevent possible complications of the disorder.
Most therapeutic regimens for these disorders developed by the endocrinologists of Tianjin hospital include the unique Oriental methods of treatment. For instance, we help people with diabetes by means of massage, acupuncture, herbalism, moxibustion, etc. This many-sided therapeutic approach allows us cure patients of all ages, irrespective of the form and severity of the disease.