Growth hormone disorders include a number of congenital and acquired conditions of GH-IGF1 axis, which result to poor growth and short stature. These diseases develop when the patient’s pituitary gland can not secret enough of growth hormone. They occur more commonly in children than in adults.
The doctors of First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine cure both grown-ups and children suffering from growth hormone disorders. We have a great experience in diagnosis and treatment of these pathologies, which lets us reach perfect results irrespective of the severity of the case.
Causes of growth hormone disorders
In children, growth hormone disorders are frequently caused by brain tumors. Commonly, they appear at the pituitary gland or near hypothalamus. Specialists note that kids with cleft lips or cleft palates are more likely to develop growth hormone disorders.
The causes of these pathologies can include the following:
- Severe injuries of the head;
- Infectious diseases;
- Radiation treatment.
Symptoms of growth hormone disorders
The most evident sign of growth hormone deficiency in children is their short stature compared to other kids of the same age. Generally, such boys and girls grow less than two inches per year. As for other symptoms of GHD in kids, they are as follows:
- The child's face can look younger than the faces of his age mates;
- Kids with this diagnosis can have delayed puberty;
- They have much of extra fat around the face and on the belly;
- Their teeth and hair grow very slowly.
In grown-ups, the symptoms of growth hormone disorders may vary. The most common of them include:
- Anxiety and depression;
- Physical weakness and lack of muscle mass;
- Baldness (in men);
- Sexual indifference;
- Poor memory and lack of concentration;
- Dry skin;
- Sensitivity to high and low temperatures;
- Heart problems;
- Reduced bone density;
- Extra weight (especially around the waist).
Diagnosis of growth hormone disorders
In order to diagnose growth hormone disorders the doctors of Tianjin hospital apply to the following laboratory tests:
- Analysis of binding protein levels;
- Blood tests for growth hormone;
- Blood tests for other hormones produced by the pituitary gland;
- GHRH-arginine test;
- Insulin tolerance test, etc.
For the accurate diagnosis of growth hormone disorders our specialists conduct a number of additional clinical examinations, among which:
- An X-ray absorptiometry for the evaluation of bone mineral density.
- A brain MRI for the investigation of the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus.
- Hand X-rays for checking the shape and the size of bone changes as the patient grows, as well as possible bone abnormalities.
- Head X-rays for distinguishing abnormalities of skull growth.
Treatment of growth hormone disorders
Commonly, treatment of growth hormone disorders includes injections of growth hormone into the patient’s body. The doctors of Tianjin healthcare center use somatotropin, which stimulates cell reproduction and growth of the organism.
As a rule, we do not apply to this therapeutic method when helping the children who have normal levels of growth hormone, but still are not growing. If their levels of somatotropin are low, we make daily injections and monitor their development, adjusting the doses every 3–6 months.
For adult patients with growth hormone disorders, the specialists of the First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine use lower doses of growth hormone. It is necessary for reducing the risk of side effects.
In order to cure both grown-ups and kids, the doctors of our hospital apply to acupuncture, massage, vacuum therapy, moxibustion, herbalism, and other techniques of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Such a many-sided therapeutic approach lets us achieve successful and quick results with patients of all ages.