Thyroid diseases

The term “thyroid disease” denotes a group of common disorders impairing the functions of the thyroid. This small gland is placed in the neck below the Adam’s apple. It is in charge of producing thyroid hormones, which are necessary for maintaining body metabolism. The list of thyroid diseases includes hypothyroidism,  hyperthyroidism, thyroiditis, autoimmune thyroiditis (Hashimoto’s thyroiditis), goiter, thyroid nodules and thyrotoxicosis.

The specialists of our hospital have a many-year experience in diagnosis and treatment of all the abovementioned pathologies. We help patients of all ages, irrespective of the stage and severity of the disorder. Using the unique combination of the ancient Chinese wisdom and the latest achievements of modern medicine, we obtain perfect results without time loss.

Causes of thyroid diseases

The causes of thyroid disease are as follows:

  • Graves' disease, when the gland produces too much hormone.
  • Toxic adenomas, developing inside the thyroid gland.
  • Subacute thyroiditis, which makes the gland “escape” excess hormones.
  • Malignant tumors in the thyroid gland.
  • Hashimoto's thyroiditis, resulting in the death of thyroid tissue.
  • Surgical removal of the thyroid gland.
  • Intake of excessive amounts of iodide, which leads to development of hypothyroidism.

Symptoms of thyroid diseases

All types of thyroid disorders have almost the same symptoms:

  • Nervousness and tremor, which indicate excessive functioning of the thyroid gland.
  • Affected mental functioning, including poor concentration, sluggishness, fogginess, etc.
  • Menstrual changes, consisting in excessive\prolonged or scanty\reduced bleeding.
  • Water thesaurismosis, a frequent sign of the thyroid gland underactivity.
  • Rapid heart or tachycardia, a common sign of hyperthyroidism.
  • Muscle pains, which often become the early symptoms of thyroid diseases.
  • Weight gain and high level of cholesterol, developing due to hypothyroidism.
  • Intolerance to higher temperatures, indicating excessive functioning of thyroid gland.
  • Constant feeling cold, an inverse symptom of underfunctioning thyroid.

Diagnosis of thyroid diseases

In order to reveal thyroid diseases, the specialists of Tianjin hospital conduct a number of blood tests:

We measure the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone in the form of a screening test. If TSH levels are elevated, specialists can state that the volume of thyroid hormone production is increases, and vice versa.

We also detect autoantibodies in the person’s blood, which are produced by the organism as part of the immune response.

In order to diagnose thyroid derived cancers we detect thyroglobulin (it is the marker of follicular adenocarcinoma) and calcitonin (the marker of medullary thyroid cancer).

We diagnose the pathologies of the kind with the use of ultrasound, biopsy, radioiodine scanning, and uptake. All these methods let us identify positively the type of the disorder, its stage, and degree of severity.

Treatment of thyroid diseases

The specialists of the First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine use the following methods of treatment for thyroid diseases:

In order to help our patients, we apply to modern healthcare products, including thyroid hormones, thioamide drugs, and radioactive iodine. This therapeutic approach is used in cases of Graves' disease, thyroid cancer, and so on. Sometimes, our surgeons remove the part of thyroid, while in other cases complete thyroidectomy is conducted.

Radioiodine therapy. The courses of radioiodine treatment are prescribed to the patients with large goiters, which do not harbor cancer. These procedures are performed after the biopsy of these nodules.

Along with modern methods of treatment, the doctors of our hospital apply to the techniques of Traditional Chinese Medicine, including acupuncture, massage, herbalism, moxibustion, cupping therapy, and others. Such a many-sided approach lets us obtain perfect and quick results with patients of all ages.